11 Temmuz 2011 Pazartesi


General Information
Area: 11,003 sq km
Population: 263,676 (2000)
Southeastern Anatolia Region, 41o-57i-55i 37o north latitude and east longitude and located on the Siirt, Sirnak and Van, east, north and Bitlis, Batman, Batman from the west, south, surrounded by the provinces of Mardin and Sirnak.

The majority of the provincial territory is covered by mountains. Mountains in the north, south Mus, Siirt, in the east by the East of the Mountains il mountain's natural boundaries.
Siirt Province in 1990, after changing the limits of the 42 persons per km2 land area has decreased down to 6,186 per km2. According to the census of 1997, Turkey's total population% o4'ünü accommodates 263,258 people.
III, the actual appearance of the provincial territory. Zaman won. area of ​​the province suffered severe bending and breakage, worn out by staying out of the sea along the upper-Eocene and Oligocene, and a yarıova (peneplain) has become. Upper-Miocene in Eastern Anatolia in general rose, rose, and the Southeastern Taurus Mountains in the provincial area in the block has occurred. These upward movements in the area of ​​Southwestern area of ​​the province has emerged stronger subsidence areas. Inflexible and stiff parts of the Southeastern Taurus Mountains and the resulting subsidence troughs, akarsularca grinding the western, southwestern and southern valleys extending converted. The valleys are formed on the one hand, while a rapidly expanding area of ​​collapse, especially on valley floors IV. It is moving along the various levels of the substances has emerged.
Districts of the province of Siirt, the intelligentsia, Baykan, Eruh, Kurtalan, Pervari and Shirvan.
Source of the province of its name:
Siirt is suggested that the name of the Sami language '. Some sources of this name, Chaldean language ', which means the city Keert (Kaa'rat) is written the word originated. Sight word, name sources; Esart, Sairt, Siirt, Siird, such as is used in various ways. Syriacs city Se'erd (local pronunciation the way hard), they said. XIX.Yy. the hard, Seerd, shorts, used as Sairt, today Siirt format has been adopted.
Another source of Siirt's name, "Seert" meaning "three-in" is said to mean. There are different opinions about the origin of the name of Siirt. Kadri PERK'in, Cenup History of the Eastern Anatolian Siirt, Hard, Tigra, Mosert; Hüseyin Cahit History, Serad; Semsettin Tişrakert Kamus'unda as Sami goes.
present in Siirt, Siirt, the former because it is founded on the ridges above-mentioned "back" position of the word and the word is seen as more appropriate in terms of interest.
Historical Development:
Siirt, was established in Mesopotamia and Anatolian civilizations intersection. This is why the north and south of the ancient civilization, the area's cultural development has been effective. Fact that the mountainous region and lack of transportation means, prevented the emergence of advanced culture centers of cities.
Until recently, the history of Siirt, BC IV.Yy. periods was not known before. Founded in 1963, chaired by Halet ÇAMLIBEL and RJBRAIDWOOD Prehistoric Research in Southeastern Anatolia Project, Mixed, Siirt, surveys conducted in the Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age and the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic periods, and revealed findings Yakınçağ'ı covering. The current cultural structure of Turkish - Islamic culture is shaped effect.
BC 3000 - Islamic Civilization Period:
BC 3000 and the Southeastern Taurus Mountains in the 2000s, distinction between the two cultural field. Developed agricultural culture in the south of Mesopotamia to the north, the high plateau of eastern Anatolia, based on primitive farming and animal husbandry, there was a culture growing more slowly. at the intersection of two cultures in the province of Siirt, was seen features of highland culture.
BC That dominated the region after 3000, respectively Hurri'lerden Hittite, Urartu, Assyria, Med, and had established dominance in Pers'ler.
In this region of Siirt province, due to migration in terms of ethnic and religious beliefs vary. Urartu, the Scythians, the Medes and Persians, religious beliefs during the reign yaymışlardı here. The gods of various religions and communities living in mountainous areas vardı.i.Ö closed. 150 starting from the Parthians who ruled the region, Arshakid, during the Sassanid Persian Gods and beliefs stronger effect. Affecting the area of ​​Rome - Part, Rome - Sassanid Wars, but also constituted meeting of the two religions and cultures. Adopting the religion of Christianity began to spread in 300s Zerdüş Sassanids, Christian pogrom in the region have done.
Period of Islamic Civilization:
Ilyas bin assigned to the conquest of 639 Elcezire'nin Gane, Siirt, Diyarbakir When he opened the site of the Islamic mujahidin have undergone the same fate. Memoranda of Diyarbakir in important services, Khalid Bin Al-Walid, victorious after the Battle of Hasankeyf walked Siirt, the then ruler of the city by offering Hersolu obedience, the city was delivered. Siirt Hakimliği'ne After that, the Hişşam companions of the Prophet's son was appointed referee.
Founded in 661 the Umayyad Caliphate in the region was under the domination of Siirt. After the Umayyads, Abbasids seized the caliphate authority, Diyarbakir, Siirt and Silvan also seized.
First region is a religiously important "external" Merkezi'ydi. IX.Yy. from denominations through the Hanbali and Maliki, Sunni, Mervanoğulları şafiîlik period, the Turks began to spread Hanefilik, then gradually disappeared şafiî'lik Mervanoğulları period. Region, the Arab - Islamic culture period, the Turks took effect.
Anatolian Seljuk and Ottoman Period:
The Turks began to settle in Anatolia after the Battle of Manzikert and against the will of the Great Seljuk State was established under the Turkish devletçikleri. Siirt region, Hasankeyf Artukid management. It bears on the Turkmen nomads settled in the region, Artuqid lords and soldiers, have formed the core of Turks in cities. Alpine lords, faith, Yağbu use names such as the Turks, Turkmen Geleneği'nin Artuklular'da the strength of the show. Head oymaklara "ok" Sending in the form of Tradition in Central Asia Artuklar'da continued.
Economically and culturally dominated by the Safavids after Artuklular'dan Siirt. Turkmen in the region has placed Akkoyunlus. Safavid period in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia şiî'lik widespread. Yavuz Sultan Selim, who want to break the influence of Shiism in Anatolia, Malatya and Diyarbakir from the Lake Urmia region dating back to the Ottoman Empire wanted to connect. For this, the famous scholar of Kurdish origin, with the help of Idris-i Bitlisi Siirt was the Ottoman administration. During this period, half of Siirt, the autonomous management of the gentlemen, is a place dominated by the tribal culture.
XVI.Yy. in the Ottoman administration of Siirt, the government remained committed to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.
Siirt İli Resimleri
XIX.Yy. until the second half of the remaining so-called commitment to the state a considerable effort has been made for the receipt of state authority Beyleri'nin Siirt. Siirt, a very tightly managed by this date. However, after the Reformation brought into the accident with the statute of 1864 the County was governed by means of governors sent from Istanbul.
19. Siirt century:
XIX.Yy. Sason'da on a single political event that occurred in Siirt in 1894 the Armenian uprising occurred. Russia and Iran-Armenian Committees and the instigation of the rebellion in the event encountered. This situation was forced to take tough measures against the Ottoman Empire. Sason uprising mobilized in Britain. Because, the Armenian issue, Russia and Britain in the conflict of interests merged. Armenians seeking independence from Britain, Russia, the Armenians were in favor of joining Russia. Committee on Committees with the aim of the Tashnak Armenian Hinchak Center in Tbilisi, the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in Russia and all the Armenians in Iran was to combine the establishment of an independent Armenian State.
Although satisfied with such a purpose in Britain, Russia, absolutely opposed.
8 August 1884 Sason'un festival village, the Kurds began with a few sheep events gasbetmesi, girişmesi massacre of Armenians by the Turkish villages expanded.
Armenian government officials, tax avoidance and passive resistance to make the expansion of events has been effective in previous agreements.
II initiated the uprising of the Armenians. VI appointed by Abdulhamid. The army suppressed.
During this phase of the Ottoman Empire, Siirt Yöresi'nde usually dominated by a semi-autonomous polity. In 1831 the Ottoman census records, XIX.Yy. the Siirt Yöresi'nde Hazzo (Kozluk) 's province of Diyarbakir, a government determined to be connected.
Accidents in the province of Siirt, which is one of today şirvan (şirve) included within the brigade as the Van Province.
Provincial Regulations 1867, show that depending on Province of Diyarbakir, Siirt Livası'nın.
Livası'nın Siirt, Central accident, Pevvan (Bervade) and Garzan (Kurtalan'ın old settlement, the current Yanarsu District) had a total of 3 accidents.
In 1877, the Central Accident, Eruh, Shirvan, and Sason'dan Rızyan ensign consisting of Siirt, Diyarbakir Province of tied. Siirt, in 1880, he retained the status of the managerial.
1892 State Salnamesi, Siirt, Diyarbakir Province separated from the Sandzak, refers to connecting to the province of Bitlis.
Which is connected to the past, Siirt şli'ne Besiri Accident, Diyarbakir Province, Central was connected to the Sandzak. During this period, the Bitlis Province, Central ensign, Mus, Siirt, Young, and consisted of Sancakları'ndan.
In Siirt, the Sandzak, the Central Accident, Shirvan, Eruh, Pervari and Garzan (Kurtalan) had a total of 5 accidents.
1896 State of Siirt Salnamesi earlier today from the records that are connected to Batman was in the ensign of Sason Kazası'nın shown Mus.
Siirt ensign 1892 - 1903, 1896 and 1916, also maintained the position of executive.
The only change in the managerial position in 1918, the Sandzak, Siirt, Sirnak, by adding the number 6 was to an accident.
National Struggle Siirt:
Siirt İli Resimleri
Siirt, the National Struggle period, territorial and tribal relations aşalığı order dominated by a typical town. Siirt, after recovering from the Russian danger, a danger facing the other was in the UK. a union of the British, came from Siirt to intimidate the public had backed down after a few days stay. Siirt, it has remained outside the occupation of foreign powers. Legal Defence Association, which constitute a realization of the National War of Siirt enlightened zümresinin vatanseverliktir showed admirable courage.
II. Constitutional Monarchy Period of deputies elected from the Siirt started, first as a Master Abdülrezzak; 1908 - 1912 he served as deputy independent of the dates. Later, respectively; Nazim Bey (April 1912-August 1912), the sheikh of Nasreddin Efendi (1914-1918) served in between.
Then Hulki Halil Bey, Siirt, 12 January 1920, the Fourth Period of the Ottoman Parliament was represented by Mebusan'ında Siirt. Siirt, continued services of National Struggle, the first Vahideddin Siirt Legal Defence Association, Sadaret'e, Hariciyye'ye, Allied States Müesseseleri'ne, Izmir, and annexation of the League of Denial, Defense Law Cemiyetleri'ne sent telegrams.
As in every district of Siirt province of Anatolia and the "Defence of Rights Society" was established, presided il Hulki Halil Aydin was the former mufti.
Members of the Omer Atalay, Siirt Mayor Hamit Bey, il notables Hamza, Hilmi Bakr and Abd al-Karim Bey consisted Sitki. In light of this Government in Istanbul Ataturk Thought Association and no qualms about putting the occupation against the States.
Mustafa Kemal Erzurum Congress stated, "Each province sent a delegate," the idea that faithfully made on the basis, the association selected Cemil Aydin, Ataturk's presidency created by participating in the congress, including decisions of the congress brought the book and the Defence of Rights Association branch in Siirt 'I gave.
After leaving elected deputy from Siirt Hulki Halil Aydin Omer Atalay been president of this association, as a member of the association Cemil Aydin, şebap SPECIAL, Mohammed Fehmi Fırat, Hikmet Yavuz and Bilal Yahya-election was deemed appropriate on the need to Evin.
Siirt, Bitlis Province of the National Struggle years sancaktı connected. Hoist, except the Central Accident had 5 accidents. These Pervari, Garzan, Eruh, Shirvan and şırnak'tı. Siirt Accident hoist accident was the most crowded.
Has been a rapid decline in population since the 1890s, however, Siirt, the accident population of around 60,000 to around 30,000 in 1914, dropped this fall I. World War II continued in the period.
Armistice Armistice taking advantage of this downturn, continued movement of the Russian occupation of eastern and southeastern Turkey has been an influence. Siirt notables and elders about this subject, says: "the Russian invasion, came to Bitlis, Siirt, by the people learned that Mevkiisi'ne Deliklitaş, born of panic among the people, the thought of escape from a group of people gathering their belongings, make up the majority of Siirt Legal Defence Association, with the help of the people, people with Kemalist Düşünce'ye volunteer soldiers gathered, the Russians tried to resist.

 This is a voluntary non-majors in the rank of the soldiers who had served in some. Among these, including the sheikh Serafettin Aydin and Ibrahim-i Mekevi'nin civilian army, achieved great success, Russians return jets, Siirt prevented to enter. Deliklitaş'tan Russians retreat, held on October 17 Lenin's Revolution started in this country.
Siirt, Erzurum Congress:
victory in the War of Independence is considered the foundation of the spirit of the National Struggle ulaştıran and held on 23 July 1919 and 7 August 1919 by Mustafa Kemal Erzurum Erzurum Congress, which ends after the date on the province of Bitlis, Siirt Sanjak who at that time represented Even today, among the pages of history, foggy.
Congress of Erzurum, Bitlis and Siirt, attended on behalf of the agreed-Hadji Recep Efendizade, Retired Major Haji Hafiz and Solomon, Bitlis and Siirt is not relevant, they lived in Erzurum and the meeting can not reach in time, it is hoped that no one from Siirt, Bitlis and Siirt ' I understood that they represent. In fact that's sure to go from Siirt Haci Cemil Effendi (Aydin) 's reach to Erzurum, but also confirm it on the last day of the congress.
Including in particular the Great Leader Atatürk, Siirt, as well as integrated with all the people of Anatolia to oppose the invading forces.
Ataturk, the armed struggle and the newly established legal and political aspects that shape the state of Turkey by the Treaty of Lausanne was signed with the community of nations to include the transfer of the Turkish revolution has completed action.
Southeastern Anatolia Region, located in the northeastern end of the east of Sirnak, Siirt and Van, Bitlis, Batman and the north, west, Batman, Mardin and Sirnak provinces of the south is surrounded by. Region, Southeastern Anatolian plains of the then rising suddenly, the eastern and northern parts are a lot of precipitation. Therefore, from north to south Mus Mountains, east of the province of Siirt area surrounded by the East of the Mountains, the Tigris River, is one of the major water catchment areas. All of the territory of the province fall into the Tigris river basin. The basin of the Euphrates, the country's fourth largest after the Red River and Sakarya Havzaları'ndan catchment area. Siirt summer, winter rainfall regime and the plateau is surrounded by rich çayıkaplı.
Siirt ongoing terrestrial climate and the most prominent features of the four seasons are experienced. Eastern and northern parts of the more hard and rainy winters, warmer summers in southern and southwestern regions. Summers are hot and dry.
Do not Leave Without
Ibrahim Hakkı Tombs can see His Holiness and Beatitude Veysal Karani,
Visiting Ulu Mosque,
Siirt Büryanı eating,
Curtain Rice Tasting
Woven mohair blanket, without
Bittim without soap,
.... Dönmeyin.

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